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Dry and Frizzy Hair: Causes and Remedies to Combat It

Rain, shine and frizzy hair? Yes.


Irrespective of the weather, managing dry and frizzy can be a real struggle, especially when nothing seems to tame it. That's because humidity causes hair to absorb excess moisture from the air, making the hair shaft swell.

Dry and frizzy hair can be a constant battle for many people, leading to frustration and a seemingly endless search for the perfect solution. However, in this blog, we will try to understand the reasons behind dry and frizzy hair and explore some of the most effective solutions.

How Does Dry and Frizzy Hair Occur?

The hair cuticle is the outermost layer of the hair shaft, composed of overlapping cells. When these cells are smooth and lie flat, they protect the inner layers of the hair and help retain moisture. However, when the cuticle is damaged or raised, it fails to lock in moisture, leading to frizz.

What Causes Dry and Frizzy Hair?

  1. Lack of Moisture: Hair needs moisture to maintain its health and elasticity. When the hair cuticle is dry, it becomes rough and frizzy.
  2. Seasonal Changes: Exposure to sun, wind, and cold weather can deplete hair's moisture, making it dry and brittle.
  3. Hair Porosity: Some individuals have naturally frizzy hair because of their hair type, genetics, and texture.
  4. Heat Styling: Frequent use of heat styling tools like blow dryers, flat irons, and curling wands can strip hair of its natural oils, leading to dryness and damage.
  5. Chemicals: Applying harsh chemicals to your hair, such as hair colouring treatments or shampoos with sulphates, can damage hair.
  6. Nutrition: Poor nutrition and dehydration can affect your hair health. A lack of essential vitamins and minerals and inadequate water intake can lead to dry and brittle hair.

Effective Remedies for Dry and Frizzy Hair

  1. Prescription Shampoo and Conditioner: A good dermatologist can recommend specialised shampoos and conditioners that address specific scalp and hair conditions contributing to dryness and frizz.
  2. Hair Wash Routine: If you have dry and frizzy hair, washing it frequently (3 to 4 times a week) is a no-no. Overwashing can strip the hair's natural moisture, and it takes time for the hair to wean from constant shampooing. So, you must cut down the number of hair washes to a maximum of twice a week.
  3. Try Cold Showers:  Cold showers benefit frizzy hair by sealing the cuticle, preventing moisture loss, and reducing frizz. Cold water also helps maintain natural oils and smooths the hair shaft, making it less prone to roughness and tangling.
  4. Limit Heat Styling: Minimise using heat styling tools, as they can dry out your hair further and worsen frizz. If you must use them, always apply a heat protectant spray first.
  5. Don't Brush Your Hair Too Often: Brushing your hair is essential to remove tangles. However, avoid overbrushing as it causes friction and damages the outer layer of the hair, eventually leading to dry hair.
  6. Use Essential Oils: Applying a lightweight hair oil can create a barrier against humidity. It helps to seal the cuticle and prevent moisture from penetrating the hair shaft. You can consider using Rosemary Essential Oil's "Rooting For You". It is naturally formulated with the efficiency of 9 other herbal ingredients to strengthen your follicles, nourish scalp skin and give you soft hair.
  7. Oral Supplements: To avoid damaged and frizzy hair, include vitamins and nutrients like biotin, vitamin E, vitamin A, and vitamin C in your diet. Also, ensure adequate omega-3 fatty acids, iron, and zinc intake. These nutrients promote hair strength, elasticity, and moisture retention, contributing to healthier, smoother hair.
  8. Haircuts and Trims: Regular trims can help remove split ends and damaged hair, which are more prone to frizz.
  9. Leave-on Conditioners: Leave-on conditioners are hair care products designed to be applied to the hair and left in without rinsing. They provide extra moisture, detangling, and protection throughout the day. These conditioners help smooth the hair shaft, reduce frizz and repair damaged hair.

Pro Tip: Use Microfiber Towels

You can use microfiber towels to gently blot your hair dry instead of rubbing it with a regular towel. This reduces friction and prevents the hair cuticle from becoming rough and frizzy.

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Spearmint leaf (Mentha Spicata), Stinging nettle leaf (Urtica Dioica), Lemon grass
(Cymbopogon citratus), Ginger root (Zingiber officinale), Peppermint (Mentha Piperita),
Cinnamon bark (Cinnamomum cassia), Ashoka (Saraca Asoca), Lodhra (Symplocos),
Shatavari (Asparagus Racemosus), Ashwagandha (Withania Somnifera), Daruharidra
(Berberis Aristata)

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shatavari grita for the management of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Int J Pharm Sci Res 2018; 9(6): 2494-99. doi: 10.13040/IJPSR.0975-8232.9(6).2494-99.

Grant P. Spearmint herbal tea has significant anti-androgen effects in polycystic ovarian syndrome. A randomized controlled trial. Phytother Res. 2010;24(2):186–8. doi: 10.1002/ptr.2900.